It is the third largest city in Victoria, the land of which stands at 343.6 km2 according to 2016 census, with a population estimated in 2020 to have been 109,553. The name had come from two Aboriginal words which indicate: “resting place”.
Ballarat has three main ancestries which are from English, Australia and Irish. So the cultural association and ethnic origin of residents are connected back to three generations.
Gold was found within close distance from Ballarat when Victoria had been separated from New South Wales colony in 1851, after which the Victorian gold rush started to accelerate.
In 1854, Ballarat, consequently, outran Melbourne, the capital of Victoria, in importance as it began to flourish and prosper in terms of gold's treasures and cultural impact. Because of conflicts concerning gold licenses, local miners released an uprising having been condensed with arms to combat government forces, following the civil disobedience time in Ballarat.
After the city of Ballarat had been founded in1854, Ballarat was the place where the armed rebellion (Eureka Stockade) erupted when 25 miners or more, who were calling for political reform and the licenses’ abolition, were killed by the government’s military forces.
Ballarat was announced to have been a city in 1871. The Thriving of Ballarat had been ongoing till the last months of 19th century, when the city’s fields of gold had been being depleted for tens of years.
So, by the end of 19th century, Ballarat began to lose its energy and activity on the back drop of small amounts of gold’s extraction at a time, when Ballarat was more important than Melbourne.