United Kingdom: LondonEngland, Wales, Scotland, and North Ireland are the geographical parts that constitute The United Kingdom. It is at the opposite side of mainland, Europe’s northwestern coast; it encompasses all the Island of Great Britain:
Wales, Scotland, and England, in addition to the northern part of Ireland’s Island.
The Capital is London which is a financial, commercial and cultural centre. Liverpool, Birmingham and Manchester are the main England cities; in northern Ireland are the cities of Londonderry and Belfast; the cities of Glasgow and Edinburgh are in Scotland; and Wales has the major two cities: Swansea and Cardiff.
The UK was established during the time of the Anglo-Saxon, king Athelstan. With the course of time, many distant kingdoms had become under English power by 1540. London had dominated Scotland from 1603 until 1707 when it was united with England and Wales to comprise at last The United Kingdom – Great Britain.
Ireland was under the rule of England in 1600, then to be one of the major provinces of Great Britain in 1800. The Republic of Ireland realised its independence in 1922, but Ulster’s nine counties called Northern Ireland continued to be part of the United Kingdom. Nowadays tensions are in progress between nationalists, who desire North Ireland to be indulged with the Republic of Ireland; and unionists, who are interested in North Ireland’ being under British sovereign.
The English Channel, in the south, is lying between Great Britain and France as Great Britain is surrounded by the sea, while the Northern Sea stretches in the east, and the Irish Sea divides the UK from Ireland to the west of Wales and northern England to reach the southeast of Northern Ireland. The Atlantic Ocean is set off southwestern England, the northwestern coast of Northern Ireland and western Scotland.
The collective area of Great Britain is 242,495 kilometers hosting a population of 66.65 million.