Capital- CanberraAustralia (Down Under) is located in the Southern Hemisphere. 7,617,930 square kilometers is the area of Australia which enjoys lots of picturesque places resulting in different climates. The population stands at 26,068,792 depending on 2022 last statistics, which is almost totally urbanized and lives on the seacoast in the eastern side. Its huge area makes it be the world’s sixth largest country, of which Sydney is the largest city, of course. Its boundaries are indicated to have Indonesia in the northwest, separated from Australia by Arafura and Timor seas, while Tasman Sea stretches from New Zealand to the southeast; the Great Barrier Reef separates Coral Sea Islands region, and finally the Coral Sea and Torres Strait disconnect Papua New Guinea in the northeast.
It has lots of diversities from deserts in the centre, rainforests in the northeast to ranges of mountains in the south east. The islands of Tasmania, major land of Australian continent and some multiple islands of smaller areas are the constituents of Australia called the commonwealth of Australia. During the first years of 17th century, the Dutch explorers gave it the name of New Holland; but at a time and for almost 65,000 years, it was inhabited by indigenous Australians. Largest areas of the continent had been discovered by European settlers; furthermore, crown colonies founded reached five in self-governance. Finally, the six colonies, indicated in the table below, united together forming the Commonwealth of Australia, in January 1, 1901.
The eastern half of Australia was completely under the power of Great Britain in 1770, then and through punitive measures, transportation settled to be in the New South Wales colony from January, 26 th, 1788 when Australia announced its national day.
The Union Jack, the Commonwealth Star and the Southern Cross are the three constituents of the Australian flag on a blue background: The history of British settlement is represented by the Union Jack, below which is a white Commonwealth, is in the upper left corner.
It is a developed country as the income is generated from multiple resources: International education, telecommunications, mining exports, manufacturing and banking.
It is one of the countries of highest per capita income, occupying the world’s thirteenth powerful economy and expenses. Of its population, immigrants constitute 30%, which is the largest rate in any country whose population is more than 10 million.
When talking about health, education, economic freedom and civil liberties, Australia has a high aspect concerning these measures, in addition to being a member of the United Nations, G20, and Commonwealth of Nations.
Furthermore, Australia is said to be a safe country to study at and travel, as the country enjoys a political system which is stable in having few crime rates whereby Australians are friendly and having a sweet lifestyle that has neither dangers nor scares.
The States, Territories capitals and population:
State / Territory
30 June 2020 estimated resident population
|New South Wales (NSW)||Greater Sydney||5,367,206|
|Victoria (VIC)||Greater Melbourne||5,159,211|
|Queensland (QLD)||Greater Brisbane||2,560,720|
|Western Australia (WA)||Greater Perth||2,125,114|
|South Australia (SA)||Greater Adelaide||1,359,760|
|Australian Capital Territory (ACT)||Canberra||431,380|
|Tasmania (TAS)||Greater Hobart||238,834|
|NorthernTerritory (NT)||Greater Darwin||147,231|